Everything that lives on this planet needs water to survive, and without it we would completely cease to exist, as would the planet as we know it.

The problem is that water is becoming increasingly scarcer, and is very unevenly distributed. The fact that this uneven distribution of water is causing major migration is another problem, as it causes massive strain on all resources in cities.

While 70% of the earth’s surface is covered with water, only 3% of that is fresh water, and of that, around 1.7% is permanently trapped in ice, snow and glaciers. Most of which remains is groundwater, which means that it is trapped underground in underground wells or aquifers. This means that the surface water that we can actually easily access via our lakes, rivers and ponds, is a mere 0.01% of the entire planet’s water.

According to the Global Water Institute, approximately 700 million people in 43 countries, most of them third-world or developing nations, currently suffer from water scarcity. This figure is unfortunately set to get worse; it is predicted that around 700 million people will be forced to leave their homes due to water shortages, aggravated by climate change, and UNESCO says that by 2050, in excess of 40% of the global population will be living under sever water stress.

Many countries in Africa are suffering from water shortages or scarcity due to major droughts and lack of infrastructure which means that they have no access to clean drinking water whatsoever. Ethiopia is facing its worst drought in 30 years and around 10 million people urgently need food relief according to the United Nations. According to the Ethiopian government, approximately 400,000 children are so undernourished that they require medical attention.

El Nino is also causing havoc in other African regions, such as ongoing droughts in Zimbabwe, Malawi and South Africa, and floods in other Sub-Saharan countries. Rivers are drying up, livestock are dying, businesses are suffering and the minimal rains during the winter season are woefully insufficient to fill the dams even halfway.

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