The human body consists of around 70% water, but it cannot store water and loses it constantly in the form of sweat, tears, urination and other normal bodily functions, which means that we need to drink water regularly in order to maintain the fluid balance.
The amount of water that you need to drink daily is dependent on your physical exertion, age, gender, where you live, and various other things. The one thing that is constant is that no matter whether you are sitting at a desk all day or spend your days doing physical work, you need to drink water regularly; the only difference is that the more physical exertion the more water you will need to drink.
Dehydration can be devastating to your health and can cause from minor irritations to quite major health problems. It is therefore vital that you are able to identify the symptoms of dehydration, such as dry mouth, thirst, headaches, fatigue, dry mouth and eyes, dry skin, decreased urine output, inability to sweat and more.
There are 3 main types of dehydration. It is important to be able to identify and remedy them as soon as possible:
- Isotonic – Isotonic Dehydration occurs when we lose both water and solutes, which is usually as a result of vomiting or diarrhoea; it can also occur as a result of insufficient water intake.
- Hypertonic – Hypertonic Dehydration occurs when water loss is equal to salt loss, when there is lack too little water intake, or because of diuretic drug use. Hypertonic dehydration is very common in those who suffer from diabetes; children are also prone to hypertonic dehydration.
- Hypotonic – Hypotonic Dehydration occurs when we lose more salt than water; this usually happens during fevers and stomach upsets. Children have a tendency to suffer from this type of dehydration. Ironically, too much water without enough sodium content can also be the cause.
If you are someone you know is experiencing any of the signs of dehydration, they can usually be sorted out by drinking enough water in order to rehydrate the body. If the dehydration is more serious, a sports drink containing electrolytes may be a better choice.
Investing in a water cooler can ensure that you always have a sufficient supply of clean, filtered drinking water to drink. Some water coolers offer cold, ambient and hot water options, so you can even make your cup of tea or hot chocolate with the best water.