The effects of the current water scarcity in some parts of the world such as various regions of Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, are tragic and resulting in deadly effects.

Close to 1.4 million children are currently facing imminent risk of death from life-threatening severe malnutrition as famine increases in these regions. It is anticipated that in excess of nine million individuals will be without safe drinking water in Ethiopia alone this year.

The current global population expansion will result in the currently available amount of water available to each person being cut by an alarming 50% by 2050, and climate change will result in higher rates of evaporation and less rainfall in many areas, especially in the Middle East and Africa.

The atmosphere’s water storage capacity is increased by the rising temperatures, which reduces the availability of water on the ground, especially during the summer, and when it eventually gets cooler it results in more intense rainfall and an increase in intensity of storms, tropical cyclones and other extreme weather.

Unfortunately, another result of climate change leading to increased temperatures is that it creates a fertile environment in water for algae, bacteria and protozoa to flourish. This is part of what leads to so much illness and even death in so many children across the globe, especially in developing countries.

According to the latest Unicef report: “The changing climate is one of many forces contributing to an unfolding water crisis. In the coming years, demand for water will increase as populations grow and move, industries develop and consumption increases.

“This can lead to water stress, as increasing demand and use of water strains available supplies. By 2040, almost 600 million children [one in four of the total] are projected to be living in areas of extremely high water stress. If action is not taken to plan for water stress, and to safeguard access to safe water and sanitation, many of these children will face a higher risk of death, disease, and malnutrition.”

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